Soulcalibur VI/System

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A step is performed by tapping any direction. Forward step can be interrupted at any point by guarding with Sc G.png. Sidestep (Sc 1.png Sc 2.png Sc 3.png Sc 7.png Sc 8.png or Sc 9.png) takes 12 frames to complete before the player can guard (Guard on frame 13). Backstep (Sc 4.png) takes 15 frames to complete before the player can guard (Guard on frame 16). If a player is hit during the vulnerable period of sidestep by a horizontal attack, that hit will be a counter hit. If a player is hit during the vulnerable period of backstep by any attack, that hit will be a counter hit.

8-way Run

8-way run is the Soulcalibur series’ famous movement system: simply hold any direction and the player will 8-way run in that direction. 8 Way Run allows access to a different set of attacks than if your character were standing still. Performing Sc 2.pngSc A.png while 8 way running in any direction will result in performing the 8-way Run attack Sc 2.pngSc 2.pngSc A.png instead of Sc 2.pngSc A.png.


Crouching is performed by pressing Sc 2.png while guarding. Crouching will evade all high attacks, while mid attacks cannot be blocked while crouching. Lows can only be blocked while crouching. Some moves will have crouching properties for part or all of their animation. This property is called “tech crouch”


Jumps can either be performed manually by holding Sc 77.png Sc 88.png or Sc 99.png while guarding or by jumping attacks such as Sc 9.pngSc B.png. Jumping characters will go over lows and special lows. Some moves will have jumping properties for part or all of their animation. This property is called “tech jump”

Attack Properties

Attack Data

In Soulcalibur, the total animations for nearly all moves remain unchanged for whether an attack whiffs, makes contact with a defending opponent, or hits the opponent. For this reason, move data on this site (taken from Frame Calibur, who have a mobile App!) will display information for attack height, Impact (startup frames), damage, frame advantage on guard, normal hit, counter hit, and guard burst. Notes for a move will frequently mention Tech Crouch/Tech Jump frames or anything else unique about an attack or string.

Horizontals vs Verticals

Horizontal attacks are attacks which track the opponent’s sidestep. Vertical attacks can be sidestepped.

IT IS NOT ALWAYS POSSIBLE TO STEP VERTICALS. There are situations when the attacker is at a great enough advantage for a followup vertical to reliably track step. This situation is commonly referred to as a “forceblock” because the defender cannot step the followup a vertical attack. The defender may be able to GI, making it not truly a forceblock, but that terminology is commonly used.

Verticals used in oki are frequently unsteppable. This is because it takes time for a character to get off the ground, so they may not have the time to sidestep away from the vertical in time.

Attack Heights

There are 5 attack heights: high Sc H.png , mid Sc M.png , low Sc L.png, special mid Sc SM.png ,and special low Sc SL.png . High attacks will hit standing opponents, but can be crouched under. Mid attacks will hit standing and crouching opponents, and cannot be blocked while crouching. Low attacks will hit standing and crouching opponents, can only be blocked while crouching, and can be jumped over. Special mid attacks will hit standing and crouching opponents, and can be blocked either standing or crouching. Special lows are identical to special mids but can be jumped over, while special mids cannot be jumped. Special mids and special lows are very uncommon, with the exception of standard 2As being special lows.


All characters have access to two basic throws Sc A.pngSc +.pngSc G.png and Sc 4.pngSc A.pngSc +.pngSc G.png. There are 2 throw heights, standard throws are considered highs and will whiff on crouching opponents. Crouch throws will hit crouching opponents, but will whiff straight through standing opponents even if they are in range. All basic throws are light attacks. Only Astaroth’s command throws are heavy attacks.


Most characters in SOULCALIBUR VI have one or more stances. Stances have unique moves not accessible outside of the stance. Stances are entered either with attacks that transition into the stance (indicated with Sc SS.png ) or an input that puts you directly into the stance. Stances often restrict the users ability to block and move.


Strings are predetermined sequences of moves that can be found in the move list. Some strings will combo on normal hit while others may only combo on counter hit or not at all. On block, some strings will prevent the defender from taking any actions, such as crouching, attacking, or lowering their guard. This property is called “Jailing”.

Move Levels

Every attack has a property known as “move level.” Move levels are categorized as either light, medium or heavy. Move levels determine many different properties of moves. These properties are as follows, Clashes (when moves strike on exactly the same frame); the result of a successful Guard Impact and some Auto Guard Impacts; how much meter is generated by the move on hit (not on whiff); and Some moves lethal hit conditions are tied to move level. As a rule of thumb, move levels generally exist within certain damage ranges. Lights 0-21 mediums 22-34 heavies 35 and greater. These rules are often broken.

Move Levels affect the result of a successful guard impact:

When light attacks are GIed, the GIer is +28

When medium attacks are GIed, the GIer is +16

When heavy attacks are GIed, the GIer is +8


When both players' attacks hit on the same frame, a clash occurs.

Each light, medium, and heavy weapon attack is assigned an integer which we will call the clash value. Light, medium and heavy horizontal attacks have a respective clash value of 1, 2, and 3. Verticals are given +1 to this value.

If either move is a non-weapon attack, both players will be hit by their opponent’s move regardless of move level.

When two weapon attacks impact at the same the integers are compared to determine the result of the clash.

When both attacks share the same clash value, the two players stagger backwards and neither player will have an advantage.

When there is a difference of 1 clash value between the opponents, the player using the higher clash value move will complete their animation uninterrupted without dealing damage to the opponent, and their opponent will experience the same clash recoil animation that happens when the clash values are tied. This usually gives the player with the higher clash value move a significant frame advantage, depending on the recovery speed of the higher clash value move.

For example, a common clash setup occurs when player 1 is +2 and wants to beat a standard 2A. Player 1 attacks instantly with an i14 5B (light attack, vertical, clash value of 2). Player 2 attacks with a standard i12 2A (light attack, horizontal, clash value of 1). Both attacks impact at the same frame. Player 1 will “win” the clash and only player 2 will recoil. For standard 5Bs, this will result in the opportunity for player 1 to get a guaranteed attack.

When there is a difference of 2 or greater clash value between the opponents, the player who uses the higher clash value move will score a counter hit. No visible clash animation will occur.

When a Critical Edge or Soul attack would clash, it will always win, unless against another Critical Edge or Soul Attack, where it will always tie.

Supplemental Offense

Counter Hits

Counter Hits happen when a player is hit during the startup of an attack or during the vulnerable period of sidestep or backstep. Many moves have different properties on counter hit, such as stunning the opponent or launching them higher. The game has a few built in identifiers for counter hit so you can very easily know when you have performed a move to correctly hit your opponent into a counter hit state. The first is the written banner notification that happens in the top corner of the screen, near your or your opponents character's name next to the health bar UI respectively. If you hit your opponent and they are counter hit, you will see a small banner notification that says "Counter Hit". This can also happen for several other attack properties and character states as well. The second visual identifier is a quick blue arc of energy that will blow through and away from the character that was counter hit. This animation is different from the various hit animations that can be added to CaS characters or the default hits, so it is always present when playing the game. These two identifiers can be helpful for confirming counter hits in the middle of a battle, but it is still up to the player to be prepared for the situation to happen first so they can follow up the counter hit accordingly.

Lethal Hits

Lethal hits (LH for short) are a new mechanic to the Soulcalibur series, making its first appearance in Soulcalibur VI. Lethal hits are enhanced properties granted to specific moves upon satisfying certain conditions. The game goes into a slowdown animation allowing the attacker to confirm into a damaging combo. For example, the most common lethal hit condition is using an A+B break attack to counter an opponent’s GI or RE, called an impact counter. The only way to satisfy this LH condition is hitting the opponent during the startup, parry window, or recovery of a GI or during the startup or parry window of an RE. Every character has their own unique set of Lethal Hits embedded into their move set, the idea being that they enhance and highlight the specific play style of each character. In training mode, you can look at the specific lethal hits each character has and what the specific conditions are for them. It is a good idea to understand what the Lethal Hit conditions are for your character as they can help you to form a more specified game plan that is better suited towards your character's play style. In addition to the special animation, Lethal Hits generate a significant amount of meter for your character while also providing an opportunity for a combo depending on the situation. Playing with your character's Lethal Hits in mind can really help to win rounds against your opponent, but keep in mind the risks involved using the specific moves and if your opponent is adapting to avoid them.

Stun Property

Certain moves apply stun (indicated by the “stun” text appearing below the health bar). Additionally, there is a yellow lightning effect that will appear on the character indicating they are in a stunned state. There are two types of stun: normal and crumple. Normal stun keeps the character standing, while crumple stun will cause the character to fall down to the ground after a quick momemnt. After the stun property is applied, every subsequent move in the combo will have counter hit properties, allowing for unique stun combos. Common ways to get stun are counter hitting certain moves, wall splats, and lethal hits.

Ring Outs

When a player is knocked out of the ring, that player will instantly lose the round. Ring Outs are most commonly performed by launching the opponent into the air and pushing them out or hitting them over the ring edge with attacks. Not all attacks have the ability to ring out, so it is important to know which moves can lead to a ring out when the situation arises. Some moves are also able to ring out your opponent by launching them over your head and behind you, called a reverse ring out. Understanding what moves in your character's move list can ring out your opponent are important to know, and the opposite is also important and you should be wary of what ways your opponent's character can possibly ring you out as well. Because of ring outs it is important to always understand what stage you are on and where you are in relation to your opponent and the ring edge, stage positioning is a very important part of playing SoulCalibur correctly.

Wall Splats

On hit, certain moves will cause a wall splat when the opponent is sent into the wall. Depending on the attack, this will often lead to a combo that if optimized can lead to a lot of damage, and possibly even a ring out. In order to prevent infinite combos, the game has a built in system to limit the number of possible wall hits in one combo to two. Once an opponent has been wall splat twice, they will not be able to be wall splat again until the combo is over, or more specifically their counter hit state has ended. Both half walls and full walls can be used for wall splats and the combo possibilities differ depending on what type of wall the splat occurs on, what move you are using, and the possible angle that you opponent's character went into the wall at. Similar to ring edge positioning, being aware of how close or far you or your opponent is to a wall can greatly effect the strategy you should employ in the moment and it is crucial to either being able to get a wall combo or avoid being in one.



Movement to create whiffs is the most basic, and powerful defensive option. Sidestepping and backstepping to create whiff punish opportunities from vertical attacks will grant the defender a bigger reward than the attacking player landing their vertical attack. Defenders can also backstep to create whiffs from out of their opponent’s reach and whiff punish with a long range attack of their own while the opponent recovers.

Combinations of movements are frequently seen in high level play. “Step Duck” (or “Step Crouch”) describes a defender performing a side step and instantly following up with a crouch. This acts to sidestep quick vertical attacks and crouch to avoid high horizontal attacks which don’t frame trap the initial sidestep. “Box Step” is the movement sequence of performing a backstep followed by a sidestep. Backstep can be canceled at any time so not all box steps have the same duration.


Every character in Soulcalibur 6 has the same health value. The total hp for each character is 240. At the tickmark (30% hp mark, or 72hp), the health bar will change from light blue to yellow. This indicates that the low health player benefits from the guts bonus. Guts reduces the amount of damage taken, and increases the damage done by critical edges. Throws and Critical Edges which contain multiple hits, scale as if the entire damage was dealt as one hit. This damage reduction is a function of life remaining, and move level used to hit the low health player. Chip damage is unaffected by guts scaling. Chip damage cannot kill a blocking opponent.

Guts & Damage Scaling

Guts is a system mechanic that reduces the damage a player takes from all sources when they are in low health. You can visually identify when a character is in guts state when their health moves below the small line towards the low end of a player's health bar UI as well as their health bar changing color from blue to yellow/orange. Below is a table showing how damage values are affected by different levels of GUTS

30% health 30% damage reduced
20% health 35% damage reduced
10% health 40% damage reduced
Mediums, Heavies, Throws, and Critical Edges
30% health 5% damage reduced
20% health 10% damage reduced
10% health 20% damage reduced

Being in low life also boosts the damage dealt by the Critical Edge of the low life player. The boost of damage comes in 4 stages.

CE Damage boost
30% health 5% damage increase
20% health 10% damage increase
10% health 15% damage increase
5% health 20% damage increase


Holding the Sc G.png button will cause the player to guard. Players cannot move forward, backward, or sideways while guarding. Pressing Sc 1.png , Sc 2.png , or Sc 3.png while guarding will crouch, while pressing Sc 7.png , Sc 8.png , or Sc 9.png will jump. Timing the Sc G.png with the enemies attacks will perform a Perfect Guard. Perfect Guarding grants extra meter, completely negates chip damage, and reduces guard damage by a flat 1% per hit.

Guard Stamina

Every attack does an amount of guard damage on block, this increases the defender's guard stamina (up to a value of 100%). When guard stamina reaches 60%, the player’s health bar will glow yellow, when guard stamina reaches 80% the health bar will glow red. Guard stamina decreases passively over time whenever the player is not blocking. Guard stamina can also be reduced by running forward or by specific moves such as Sophitia’s Critical Edge.

Guard Crush

Once Guard Stamina reaches 100%, or would be set to 100% by an attack, the player's guard can break. Guard Crush will leave the opponent unable to guard, and the first attack that hits them will have counter hit properties, allowing for damaging combos. Only certain moves can break guard, for example, if a player does single A on an opponent's guard when they are at 100% guard stamina, the opponents guard will not break.

Guard Impact

Guard impact (GI for short) is a universal parry available to every character. In Soulcalibur 6, as opposed to past entries, there is only one guard impact option, performed by inputting Sc 6.pngSc +.pngSc G.png. This guard impact parries every move type in the game, except for break attacks and unblockables. Performing a GI against an A+B break attack will result in a Lethal Hit for the attacking player. The guard impact costs 10% guard stamina to use (it cannot break your own guard), and recovers 12% guard stamina upon successful parry. If the player parries the opponent within the first 4 (frames 2-5) frames of GI's parry window, they will be awarded 1/6th of a bar

Each character’s GI is exactly the same in terms of animation frames and resulting frame advantage upon successful parry.

GI’s parry window is active from frame 2-11 The recovery is 35 frames after the end of the parry window This means the total animation for a GI is 46 frames.

Post GI

The frame advantage the defender gets from successfully parry the attackers’s move is dependent upon the move level. Parrying different move levels result in different levels of advantage for the GIing player.

Level 3 GIs (Light attacks) - +28 Level 2 GIs (Medium attacks) - +16 Level 1 GIs (Heavy attacks) - +8

The combo performed in post GI is scaled to deal less damage. However, the player at disadvantage has the option to reGI or reRE thus preventing a guaranteed combo. reREs are mechanically identical to normal REs but there are slight differences to reGIs compared to normal GIs. For level 1 and 2 GIs, the defender can reGI and reRE as soon as the attacker can take an action. For level 3 GIs, there is a 3 frame delay to the fastest possible reGI and reRE.

For a reGI: reGI’s parry window is active from frame 4-18 The recovery is 30 frames after the end of the parry window This means the total animation for a GI is 49

If the parried player successfully reGIs, the combo scaling in the resulting post GI situation is lessened.

Reversal Edge

Reversal edge (Sc B.pngSc +.pngSc G.png) is a 6 frame start up universal parry followed by an attack that starts a minigame on hit. Reversal edge can be held down to extend the parry window, but eventually the attack will come out. If the reversal edge parry is struck, or the input is held down for long enough, the Reversal Edge attack will become a +8 on block break attack, deal significant chip damage, and build large amounts of meter on block or hit.

Reversal Edge Minigame

When the reversal edge attack lands, a rock paper scissors adjacent minigame will start. Players can choose between three attack options (Sc A.png, Sc B.png, or Sc K.png), guarding (Sc G.png), or moving (Sc 2.png/Sc 8.png, Sc 6.png, Sc 4.png). The results of the minigame are depicted in the diagram below *insert diagram.

In the second round, the initiator of the RE will have a significant advantage. The initiator’s (Sc B.png attack will do 100% guard damage, instantly breaking guard. All of the initiator’s attack options will also become lethal hits, allowing for high damage and meter gain.

Auto GIs

Auto GIs are specific moves which contain guard impact properties at some point during their animation. There are many sources of auto GIs. They may be attacks such as Xianghua 6A+B or Sophie 6B or They may come from stance transitions like Kilik’s Monument or Siegfried’s Basehold. Each auto GI has a specific subset of moves in which their parry is effective. Some auto GIs are only effective against weapon attacks, others are effective against high attacks, and many other conditions exist including combinations of attack properties. Most auto GIs work against fewer total moves than a normal GI, so they tend to give bigger reward to compensate for the higher risk. This higher reward can come in the form of damaging lethal hit combos, guaranteed combos that cannot be reGId, and more.

Characters with a strong emphasis on auto GIs include Amy, Kilik, Raphael, Seong Mi-na, Siegfried, Sophitia, and Xianghua.


Armor is a defensive mechanic unique to only a few characters that allows the defender to absorb attacks without being interrupted. Armor reduces damage taken by 50%. There are 2 classes of armor. Astaroth’s, Haohmaru’s, and Voldo's armor can only absorb 1 hit. Nightmare’s, Mitsurugi’s, Hwang’s, and Tira's armor will absorb 1 hit then auto guard impact any hit after the first one. Armor does not work against lows or moves that do 22 damage or more. Astaroth’s armor can absorb moves that deal up to 35 damage.

The characters with the highest presence of armor moves in their movelist are Nightmare and Astaroth. Other characters which have very few armored moves include Haohmaru, Hwang, Mitsurugi, Tira, and Voldo.


Abare is the concept of attacking while at minus frames. This concept is not unique to Soulcalibur, but it is worth mentioning as an especially valid option in Soulcalibur 6 because the presence of GI (and evasion) means it’s a moderate risk for the player with advantage to use an attack. Moves with evasion, such as tech crouching and tech jumping attacks, can be great to interrupt your opponents mixup or evade highs/low attacks. The frame advantage from fast attacks is also quite small, so mashing a fast attack while at minus frames will eliminate the opponent’s slower, more threatening mixup options. Mashing at minus frames will also condition the opponent to use frame trap options, which in turn can allow the defender to capitalize on the use of guard impact.

Soul Gauge (Meter)

Critical Edge

Critical Edges are powerful attacks that cost 1 bar of soul gauge and go into a cinematic on hit. Performed using Sc A.pngSc +.pngSc B.pngSc +.pngSc K.png, Critical Edges are commonly used for block punishing, whiff punishing, and during combos. They are NOT reversals.

Soul Charge

Soul Charge is a new technique in SOULCALIBUR VI (despite sharing a name with a different technique in older games). Performed using Sc 4.pngSc +.pngSc A.pngSc +.pngSc B.pngSc +.pngSc K.png , Soul Charge will spend 1 bar to knock the opponent back and put the user in an enhanced state with powerful moves exclusive to soul charge. Soul charge also provides a small damage boost, stops the match timer, and causes your attacks to deal chip damage.

Soul Attack

Soul Attack is a technique added in season 2 of SOULCALIBUR VI. Soul attack costs 1 bar and is performed using Sc 2.pngSc 3.pngSc 6.pngSc A.pngSc +.pngSc B.pngSc +.pngSc K.png . Soul Attack is a unique attack that will put the user into Soul Charge. Soul Attacks are universally 16 frames.

Resist Impact

Resist Impact is an enhanced Guard Impact performed with Sc 6.pngSc +.pngSc B.pngSc +.pngSc G.png . It is identical to Guard Impact except that it works on Break Attacks and Unblockables, and costs ½ of a bar of soul gauge instead of 10% guard stamina to perform.

Meter Burning Attacks

Meter burning attacks, commonly referred to as Brave Edges (holdover term from SC5), are attacks that require the user to expend a portion of their soul gauge to perform. 4 characters have meter burning attacks (Yoshimitsu, Geralt, Setsuka, and Groh).

Gaining Meter

Meter can be gained in the following ways: Moving Forward while in 8 Way Run (after a few steps), Landing an attack, Whiffing an attack (or getting an attack blocked), getting hit by an attack, Throwing the opponent, Getting your throw broken, breaking a throw, lethal hits, successful just inputs, parrying a move with reversal edge, landing a reversal edge on guard/on hit (different amounts awarded), landing a charged reversal edge on guard/on hit. Losing a round resulting in your opponent being 1 round away from winning the game will also grant the loser 1 full bar.

Meter gain on hit
Light attack 1/60th of a bar
Medium attack 1/24th of a bar
Heavy attack 1/15th of a bar
Whiffed attack 1/120th of a bar


How to Knock the Opponent Down

Knockdowns come from many different sources. Universal options that every character has to knock the opponent down on hit are Sc 3.pngSc B.pngs and both normal throws(Sc A.pngSc +.pngSc G.png and Sc 4.pngSc A.pngSc +.pngSc G.png). Sc 3.pngSc B.pngs will launch the opponent into the air with enough time to perform a damaging combo. Most combos will end with the defender in a grounded position and the attacking player at significant damage. Counter hits are another common source of knockdowns. Many moves have counter hit properties which will result in knockdown. Counter hitting and knocking down your opponent for either attacking or stepping are powerful ways to make your opponent think twice about taking action.

Types of Knockdowns

There are two types of knockdowns: hard knock downs and ukemiable knockdowns. Ukemiable knockdowns allow the defender to perform an ukemi (see later). Hard knockdowns disallow the defender from performing an ukemi, thus limiting the defender’s total options.

Defender Grounded Actions

When knocked to the ground, the defender can perform a few actions: get up with guard, roll sideways, roll towards the opponent, or roll away from the opponent, or ukemi (See next section). Kilik, Taki and Xianghua are the only characters that have unique attacks that can only be performed while downed.

Forward roll and backwards roll will return the defender to a standing position. The defender is vulnerable to ground hitting moves for the entirety of this animation.

Side roll will keep the defender in the downed position. This can be useful for evading certain verticals used for oki.


Ukemi (Also known as 'Teching' in SoulCalibur) is the action of recovering quickly from certain knockdowns in an attempt to avoid taking more damage from your opponent. Performed by pressing Sc G.png and a direction. Forward ukemi (Sc 6.pngSc +.pngSc G.png) will send the player forward and allow them to act the quickest. Back ukemi (Sc 4.pngSc +.pngSc G.png) will move the player away from the opponent. Side ukemi (Sc 2.png or Sc 8.pngSc +.pngSc G.png) will move the player to whatever side they choose.

Forward Ukemi recovers the fastest, Back Ukemi recovers 5 frames slower than forward ukemi, and side ukemi recovers 10 frames slower than forward ukemi. Forward ukemi, predictably, is the worst option at evading opponents' attempts to hit you while you are knocked down.

Every ukemi has the same 5 frame vulnerability where the player can be hit by all non high attacks.

Attacking a Grounded Opponent (Okizeme)

Okizeme (起き攻め, abbreviated 'oki') is a term used in fighting games which refers to pressuring the opponent while they are getting up after being knocked down. In SoulCalibur, every character has different moves that they can use to attack an opponent after or while they are knocked down. The general strategy is similar to most fighting games in that once you have knocked your opponent down, you are put into a favorable situation to mix-up your opponent to try and deal more damage, reset them into another combo, or use that time to move away or around your opponent. Because SoulCalibur is a 3D fighter and there are no true reversals, most knockdowns in the game guarantee a mixup situation for the attacker and the defender must make a guess to avoid damage. Every character uses different moves to perform their oki, please refer to each characters Strategy page for more detailed information.

Combat Lessons

Universal Mechanics


This book is a collection of ancient manuscripts on the art of combat that were written in one of the Holy Roman Empire's great citadels. The writings were said to have been penned by practitioners of the sword, who put their illustrious master's teachings to paper. Sadly, it appears that most have been lost, while others have notes adorning them made by the hands of others. The originals detail techniques designed for adepts who have already gone through practical training, so many fundamental motions go largely unmentioned. With this book being a selection of said works, a reader seeking to find information on the basic handling of weapons shall find it wanting. Given that various notes and adjustments to the manuscripts are attributable to later scholars, it is often difficult to discern the original authors' intentions. However, as a window into the thoughts and philosophies of an ancient warrior heading into battle, hopefully these writings can be of use.

Lesson 1: Strike First

Survival on the battlefield can be summed up thusly: attack, and prevent your opponent from attacking. In other words, strike first. Even the most stalwart of warriors flinch and break their stance when struck, and every second they spend recoiling from an attack is a second they cannot attack you. If they can't attack you, they can't hurt you, and so forestalling your opponent is the key to survival. Skilled warriors strike quickly, unbalance their foes, and don't let up until their enemies are defeated. Before all else, you must think to yourself, "how can I strike before I am struck?" Firstly, and most importantly, do not swing your weapon carelessly: swing it with thought. Keep this simple mantra in your heart, stay calm in the heat of battle, and you may very well live long enough to grow into a hardened warrior.

Lesson 2: Choose Your Distance

If history has taught us anything, it is that on the battlefield, one's weapon is one's life. The world's minds have conjured up all manner of weapons, but what matters most is how each weapon allows its wielder to strike the opponent first. Consider the weapon's size and length. A larger weapon suits those who seek to slay the enemy forcefully before they are upon them. Beware though: such weapons are weighty and thus slower. Smaller, lighter weapons, however, allow for fast kills at close quarters. Remember: there is no absolutely perfect weapon. A weapon's aptness depends on the circumstances of battle. You must discover what distance from your opponent your weapon performs best. Longer, larger weapons work well further away, whereas shorter, lighter ones will serve you well at close range providing you can evade your opponent's attacks long enough to strike. "Know thyself; know thine enemy." Do all you can in the best way you can. There is no quicker way of reaching your true potential.

Lesson 3: Watch Your Surroundings

The battlefield requires all your guile to survive. Those who enter stake their lives on winning. Gone are the concepts of good and evil. One's cause is justified by one thing and one thing alone: victory.

Know your battlefield; use everything it provides you. Victory is not simply a matter of injuring your opponent. Should you be by the waterside, unbalance your opponent and let them take a bath. Should your back be against the wall, step sideways; let an aggressive opponent throw themselves at the mortar.

Be ever aware of both your own and your opponent's positions and movements. Work with your surroundings and they shall work with you. Such harmony can see you fell foes of far greater strength. Keep your eyes on your opponent and use your peripheral vision well.

Lesson 4: Deal More Damage in One Blow

Strikes that scratch the surface of the skin will not be enough to slay an opponent. When one fells a tree, one must strike with all one's might. Felling an opponent is no different. However, landing a decisive blow is easier said than done. First, examine the techniques your way of fighting has to offer. For example, which are fast and test your opponent? Which are devastating but take time to perform? Speed and power do not go hand in hand. You must understand what your techniques allow you to do.

Once you know this, select attacks that prevent your opponent from defending when they land. Send them into the air or prevent them from moving. Then unleash your fury. When the hedgehog has revealed its soft underbelly, the fox claims its meal. You would do well to remember this.

Lesson 5: Restrict Your Enemy's Movement

Even the safest of attacks can be costly if done recklessly. They may be guarded or evaded with ease, leaving you ripe for the kill. Brand the following five tenets into your minds:

Restrict your enemy's movements, making it easier for you to attack. Put your opponent on the back foot with quick strikes. Straight attacks can be evaded sideways, putting you in a vulnerable position. Use a horizontal attack to stop your opponent in their tracks first before unleashing them. There is no value to an attack that carves through nothing but air. All your opponent has to do against attacks that barely reach is step back. Instead, utilize long-range attacks such as charging thrusts to limit your opponent's options. A fallen opponent is a sitting duck. Use moves that knock them down and then follow up with an attack. This is one of the quickest ways to make sure they stay down. Never go for a huge strike without making sure you have your opponent under control. When you have them exactly where you want them, unleash your full power.

Lesson 6: Destroy Iron-clad Defenses

See an opponent who guards relentlessly as an opportunity to go on the offense. But what if your attacks never seem to get through their defense, or worse, you are forced into a disadvantageous position? In that case, vary your techniques. Make your opponent think you will strike to the face, then go low. Strikes of varied heights are more difficult to defend against. You can even throw your opponent. If they use a shield to thwart your weapon, pin them down, leaving them open to a deadly strike.

Changing the rhythm of your attacks works well. The most experienced of warriors skip a beat before striking, tempting their opponent into relaxing their guard before the true blow falls.

The last one standing on the battlefield is not necessarily the strongest; those flexible of mind avoid death. Change, they say, is good for the soul: it can save your life, too.

Lesson 7: Mind Games

Brute force is not the only way to open your opponent's defenses and land a decisive blow. Battle-hardy warriors aim to break down their opponent psychologically before going for the jugular. One of the ways to do this is to goad them into attacking. Once successful, defend and then counter.

For example, you can intentionally perform a strike that the opponent can defend against, tempting them into unleashing a powerful attack that leaves them open. Should your opponent get carried away and go for a head-on attack, dodge to the side and respond with a powerful blow of your own.

Make the opponent think they have you in their hand, then use their hubris against them. Even the smallest of gaps can be exploited if you see them coming.

But remember that even with the psychological battle won, the actual battle is still in the balance. Veteran warriors keep all exchanges (even those they lose) in mind to forge new strategies.

Beginner 1: Movement with the 8-way Run

Note: All explanations are based on the default button settings. Positioning Yourself with the 8-way Run Use Sc 8.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 4.png, Sc 6.png to move around freely and take your preferred fighting distance. The 8-way run is also useful for getting out of dangerous situations, such as having your back to cliffs or walls. Move Short Distances by Stepping Tap Sc 8.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 4.png, Sc 6.png once to perform a short step from which you can easily transition into another move. Try the Tutorial Missions The tutorial missions in "Mission: Libra of Soul" teach you the basics of battle. Use them to practice the 8-way run if you're having trouble.

"So, do you see, my son? The key to any fight is movement. Be it to attack or to evade, you must adjust your position accordingly. Be ready to move at any moment, then when you see the opportunity, move to an advantageous spot. Do not forget this. ...Of greater importance, though, is the ability to apologize for one's mistakes. Head to your mother and those you have argued with and show contrition at once." -Frederick Schtauffen, 16th-century imperial knight

Beginner 2: Attacking

Vary Your Attacks Attack your opponent with Sc A.png, Sc B.png, or Sc K.png. You can also simultaneously press Sc A.png+Sc B.png or Sc B.png+Sc K.png to unleash powerful attacks. Combine either with Sc 8.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 4.png, Sc 6.png to change the type of attack as well. Learn Combos While there is variation across all fighting styles, Sc A.png.Sc A.png.Sc A.png, Sc 6.pngSc A.png.Sc A.png, Sc B.png.Sc B.png.Sc B.png, and Sc 6.pngSc B.png.Sc B.png unleash combos. While practicing, get into the habit of pressing the buttons one at a time instead of simply mashing them. This may be tricky to do at first, but take your time; you'll eventually get used to it. Check Your Main Moves in the Move List Go to the pause menu during a battle to access the move list for each fighting style. There may be a lot, but you don't need to use all of them. For the time being, concentrate on the main moves. Eventually, you'll be able to add more moves to your arsenal a sign you're making progress.

"What matters to you most? Your life? Your honor? Whatever you treasure, the only thing that will protect it in a pinch is your ability to fight. In other words, the thing that should matter most to you is... GETTING BACK TO YOUR TRAINING!" -Johan Durer, captain of the citadel guard

Beginner 3: Different Types of Attacks

Horizontal and Vertical Attacks Sc A.png performs a horizontal strike, which is great for hitting an opponent while they are using the 8-way run. Sc B.png performs a vertical strike not great at hitting a side-stepping opponent, but powerful. (Sc K.png and combination-button moves may unleash either vertical or horizontal attacks.) Three Attack Heights High attacks can be blocked with a standing guard, and go over the heads of crouching opponents. Middle attacks can be blocked with a standing guard, but cannot be blocked with a crouching one. Low attacks cannot be blocked with a standing guard, but can be blocked with a crouching one. Other Factors to Consider Each attack has varying speed, reach, and power; they also vary in how easy they are to evade and how much they leave you open to attack. Even moves that may seem difficult to use at first can prove helpful. Figuring out how is part of the fun!

"To those without purpose, I reach out to you. Doubts may wrack you. Who am I? Why do I fight? Why do I live? But fear not. Cast your eyes over this text, learn the skills described within, and doubt yourself no more." -Taken from a pamphlet found squashed in between the pages of a 15th-century book of sword techniques

Beginner 4: Guarding

Guarding Press and hold Sc G.png to guard, which protects you from attacks. Release the button to drop your guard. It is your primary defensive technique, so you might want to try holding it whenever you're not moving or attacking. Be careful, though: guarding too much might result in your guard being crushed, leaving you open. Finally, it's often quite effective to attack immediately after blocking. The Standing Guard Press and hold Sc G.png while standing to perform a standing guard, which blocks high and middle attacks, but not low ones. Middle attacks are particularly powerful in this game, so the standing guard is an invaluable tool to defend against them. The Crouching Guard Press Sc 22.png while holding Sc G.png to perform a crouching guard. You can evade high attacks and block low ones, but mid attacks will hit. If you think your opponent will throw you or attack low, quickly perform a crouching guard. Additionally, you can use this move to evade a high attack in your opponent's combo.

"As a youth in pursuit of strength, I gave my all to offense. Now, as grey adorns my locks, I think anew... Perhaps defense was worth my time, too..." -An elderly one-armed swordsman

Beginner 5: Reversal Edge Counters

Countering an Offensive Player with Reversal Edge In battle, it can be difficult to know whether your opponent will attack middle or low. If you have trouble deciding how to guard, press RB to perform a reversal edge. You will go into a special stance that allows you to block high, middle, and low attacks. Once your opponent has finished their offense, you will automatically counter. If the counter lands, you transition into a reversal edge clash and can potentially deal even more damage. Time Your Counters Press and hold RB to stay in this special stance longer, therefore extending the amount of time you can defend. Even if your opponent goes for a two- or three-input combo, you will block it. By holding the button for as long as possible, you can move into a clash even if your reversal edge counter is blocked. Some Attacks Can't Be Blocked While a reversal edge allows you to block all sorts of attacks (including throws), some attacks can't be defended against. Namely break attacks, which are wreathed in blue lightning, and unblockable attacks, which are wreathed in red flames. To look at it another way, you can utilize these moves against an opponent using a reversal edge against you.

"A wise warrior boasts a superlative defense, while a wiser warrior relies on their wits more than their brawn. But what of the wisest warriors? Why, they win the battle before it has even begun." -Raphael Sorel, head of the Sorel family

Beginner 6: Reversal Edge Clashes

The Three-way Triangle of Reversal Edge Clashes When one fighter successfully lands a reversal edge, both sides will move to create space between each other and enter a special sparring phase. During this phase, press Sc A.png, Sc B.png, or Sc K.png to unleash a special move that will determine whether you win or lose the phase, with each move being strong against one type and weak to another type. Sc A.png attacks beat Sc K.png attacks, while Sc K.png attacks beat Sc B.png attacks, and Sc B.png attacks beat Sc A.png attacks. Each fighter's style also impacts the strength of their Sc A.png, Sc B.png, and Sc K.png attacks. With enough practice and knowledge about each of the fighting styles, you'll be able to read your opponent's moves and predict how they'll act during reversal edge clashes. Guarding and Reversal Edge Clashes If you're not sure which move to execute during a reversal edge clash, you can press Sc G.png to guard and momentarily fend off your opponent's attack. However, be warned: if you attempt to guard when your opponent uses a Sc B.png attack, the clash will restart and enter a second round. Additionally, if your guard stamina is low when attempting to guard during a reversal edge clash, your opponent may be able to crush your guard. Taking Evasive Maneuvers If you're confident about whether your opponent will use an Sc A.png, Sc B.png, or Sc K.png attack during a reversal edge clash, you can evade the attack altogether by pressing Sc 8.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 4.png, Sc 6.png to move out of the way, with each direction enabling you to dodge a different attack. Forward steps (Sc 6.png) will move you out of the way of Sc A.png attacks, while side steps (Sc 2.png or Sc 8.png) will get you away from Sc B.png attacks, and back steps (Sc 4.png) will move you out of reach from Sc K.png attacks. Evading during a reversal edge clash is a major gamble, however. While successfully dodging an attack will put you in a prime position to dish out major damage, if you guess their attack incorrectly and move the wrong way, you'll take the hit.

"A swordsman puts their life on the line each and every second in a fight. Every little thing your opponent looks at, every breath they breathe, and every step that they take, they're all clues as to what their next move will be. And my experience reading such signs tells me that you're mad about how late I am, aren't you? So very, very mad." -Antonio, the "Flower Swordsman of Florence"

Beginner 7: Critical Edges

Critical Edges: A Deadly Trump Card When you've built up at least one soul gauge, you can press Sc A.pngSc +.pngSc B.pngSc +.pngSc K.png to execute a critical edge. If it successfully lands, you'll deal massive damage to your opponent, making it a key asset in your offensive arsenal as a fighter. Fighting Style Effects on Critical Edges Critical edges have different properties depending on the fighting style that's used. You can learn more about these different properties and how to apply them by consulting the character fighting styles in this Combat Lessons menu. Quickly Building Up Soul Gauge The faster you can build up soul gauge, the more opportunities you'll have to execute critical edges that can lead you to victory in battle. To that end, while attacking and taking damage as normal will slowly build up soul gauge over time, pulling off reversal edges is one way to expedite the process and accumulate a lot of soul gauge very quickly.

"Every swordsman, young and old alike, yearns to discover a powerful attack that will fell even the mightiest foes in one hit. But before thinking of ways to move and attack, one must first come up with a memorable name for it, a name that will be known in infamy throughout the land." -A nameless swordsman

Beginner 8: Mastering Soul Charges

Soul Charges: A Powerful Comeback in Dire Situations When you've built up at least one soul gauge, press Sc 4.png+Sc A.pngSc +.pngSc B.pngSc +.pngSc K.png to trigger a soul charge. In this state, you'll be able to unleash special soul charge moves that are more powerful than your normal attacks for a limited time. Plus, even if your opponent tries to guard your attacks, your hits will cause chip damage and drain their life, enabling you to stay on the offensive. Desperate Times Call for Desperate Measures When you activate a soul charge, the soul gauge will turn into a timer that displays the amount of time remaining before its effects will dissipate. The shockwave that's triggered when a soul charge is first activated will also push the opposing fighter away.

Soul charges have a variety of defensive uses as well. Not only can they be used to interrupt strong attacks from your opponent, they also freeze the round timer while activated, which will prevent you from losing by your opponent running out the clock or simply running out of time while you attack. Mastery of all of these different applications will therefore help you go far in battles. Soul Charges Vs. Critical Edges Critical edges can deal lots of damage within a short amount of time, making them very potent in the short term when used effectively. In contrast, soul charges won't necessarily make that big of a difference with respect to damage output, but they come with a variety of other benefits that can make them useful in their own right under certain conditions. Think wisely as you decide when and how to spend your soul gauge on the path to victory.

"The mark of a true hero lies in how they act in times of great peril. Where lesser people will give up when their blade fails them and breaks and they have no more arrows to fire, a true hero stands tall and proud even under great duress and presses onward. It is during such trying times that the souls of men are truly tested and their legacy in history is decided." -An ancient Egyptian inscription

Intermediate 1: Strikes & the 8-way Run

Horizontal Attacks and Orientation Horizontal attacks can easily hit an opposing fighter when they're moving in an 8-way run, but they tend to deal only minor damage. In comparison, vertical attacks can be evaded with an 8-way run, but if they successfully connect, they can down the opponent and be used to start combos. Put another way, horizontal attacks are easy to land and keep your opponent's movements in check, while vertical attacks are a fighter's bread and butter for dealing major damage. Reading Your Opponent As you might guess, getting a KO requires you to dish out lots of damage to the opposing fighter. Given their high damage output, it's therefore important to carefully consider when, where, and how you'll utilize vertical attacks during a match. Naturally, any good opponent will be thinking about the same thing, making it similarly crucial to consider how to avoid and counteract their vertical attacks too. In this manner, horizontal attacks, vertical attacks, and 8-way running form the basis of combat. Being able to anticipate all three during a fight is key to survival and victory. 8-way Run Attacks As mentioned before, 8-way runs are a crucial defensive maneuver that enable you to sidestep oncoming vertical attacks. Obviously, though, you can't win merely by dodging attacks. Successfully using an 8-way run to avoid a vertical attack will provide an opening for you to counterattack with your own vertical attack from an 8-way run and damage your opponent. While running, as you press and hold Sc 8.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 4.png, Sc 6.png, press an attack button to perform an 8-way run attack.

"Only a fool swings their weapon without putting any thought into the strike. You want to know why I could brush your blade away like a leaf blowing in the wind? How I could slice you from top to bottom so effortlessly? It's simple: I know your every move. And when you know your opponent, you can predict what comes before they even begin to strike." -Setsuka, iaijutsu practitioner

Intermediate 2-1: Air Combos

Combos Combos are a series of attacks that are strung together in order to deal out large damage. Air combos are particularly powerful, as they lift the enemy off the ground and make them defenseless against your onslaught. There are often plenty of opportunities to launch air combos that present themselves throughout a match. Beginning a Combo To start an air combo, you first need to land a starting attack that will launch your opponent into the air. You can do this by inputting Sc 3.pngSc B.png using any fighting style. The important thing to remember about combos is that you should input the next move you want to make in advance before your current one is finished in order to properly continue the combo and accumulate damage. (For specific combos that you can perform after the launching attack connects, consult the move list for your character.) Performing Strong Air Combos While the opposing fighter is in the air, they can't guard against your attacks. However, once they take an attack from you, they gain aerial control, which allows them to determine where they fall. Thus, it's ideal to land one high damage attack before that happens in order to maximize an air combo's potential. Having said that, some attacks can knock enemies down to the ground or lift them back up in the air without granting them aerial control. Discovering these properties can help you unleash stronger, more effective air combos that allow you to retain control of a round for longer.

"Rumor has it you know how to fly. Let's see just how true that is... Steel Judgment!" -A swordsman clad in black

Intermediate 2-2: Other Combos

Stun Combos Air combos aren't your only option for stringing together attacks. Another way to start a combo involves stunning an opponent. That happens when yellow zig-zags appear after an opponent has been struck, which signify that they've become momentarily paralyzed. While stunned, a fighter is typically rendered completely defenseless. Attacking them while they're in this state will trigger a stun combo. Stun Combo Special Properties In a stun combo, a follow-up attack is treated as a counter hit. As a result, every move that can be used in a combo during counter hits can be performed during stun combos as well. However, in a stun combo, each attack will only stun once, meaning that you have to use different attacks in order to keep your opponent immobile. Down Follow-up Attacks Another way to dish out a combo is by using an attack that knocks an opposing fighter to the ground or away from you, and then following up with additional hits after the initial strike. Nevertheless, these combos aren't foolproof and are best used sparingly, as they can be countered by the opponent performing an ukemi to evade your attacks.

"The battle began with the loud, thunderous roar of cannon fire. The Adrian closed the gap to its prey in short order. Soon enough the other pirates, thirsty for blood, rushed aboard the other ship. But it was only when our captain followed behind them, his two great blades unsheathed, that the real tragedy began for those unlucky enough to cross our path." -Fernando Hidalgo, "Chronicles of a Seafarer"

Intermediate 3: Using the Ring

Control the Ring to Control the Match Each stage in this game is referred to as a "ring." Being familiar with the shape of each ring and understanding your position within them is of the utmost importance for winning matches. You'll quickly find as you fight that one of the most essential skills is being able to take and retain advantageous positions using careful and precise 8-way runs. When it comes to positioning, broadly speaking, there are two things to keep in mind. The first is how to drive your opponent to the edge, while the second, naturally, is how to not have the same done to you. Cliffs and Walls The outer edges of a ring can consist of a number of different things, but among the most common and important are cliffs. If you can force an opponent off the edge of a cliff, you'll automatically win the round with a ring out, regardless of how much life either of you have remaining. Conversely, if the opponent's back is up against a wall, pushing them into it won't result in a ring out, but it will render them defenseless and allow you to hit them with a wall combo. Both of these options are powerful in their own right, and using them well can lead to victory. Fighting Styles and Positioning Different fighting styles have different attacks that can push enemy fighters left, right, or backwards. Used wisely, these attacks and the ways in which they manipulate the positions of you and your opponent can quickly change the course of battle and even result in ring outs. By taking the time to learn each style and how they interact with one another in combat, you can broaden your overall knowledge about positioning to better maintain control of a fight.

"Even the strongest enemy can be humbled if the land is used cleverly. When facing overwhelming odds, lament not the situation you see before you. Look to the land around you and search for ways to use it to prevail, for it shall shine a light in even the greatest darkness and show that you are never truly alone. In so doing, you'll find yourself no longer a prisoner of fate, but a warrior in control of your own destiny." -Han Dongxiu, Ling-Sheng Su high priest

Intermediate 4: Ukemi

How to Perform an Ukemi When you get sent flying by an enemy attack, you can press Sc 8.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 4.png, Sc 6.png and Sc G.png as soon as you hit the ground to immediately recover with what's known as an "ukemi." There are multiple types of ukemi that you can perform, but oftentimes, the best one to do is a horizontal ukemi, which is able to easily avoid downward follow-up attacks. If you find this difficult to do, instead of Sc 8.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 4.png, Sc 6.png, you can press and hold either Sc 2.png or Sc 8.png and repeatedly press Sc G.png as well. (Note: There are some situations where it's impossible to perform an ukemi.) Ukemi Orientations and Effects The direction of an ukemi changes its defensive properties. A forward ukemi (Sc 6.png+Sc G.png) can't be used to avoid downward follow-up attacks, but it does let you act quickly after you get up. In contrast, a horizontal ukemi (Sc 2.png or Sc 8.png+Sc G.png) can evade downward follow-up attacks with ease, but leaves you somewhat open to attack. Meanwhile, a back ukemi (Sc 4.png+Sc G.png) can avoid short-range follow-up attacks and helps create distance between you and your opponent. Being Unpredictable Getting knocked back by an attack is dangerous regardless of how you choose to react. As a result, it's unwise to always recover with the same ukemi, or even use an ukemi at all. If your opponent notices you reacting to their attacks with consistent patterns, they'll be able to take advantage of them to damage you. Also, you'll be left defenseless for a moment after executing an ukemi, leaving you at risk of getting attacked again. Being flexible during combat and cleverly deciding when to use an ukemi and in which direction will make you less predictable.

"Life is rife with disappointments and setbacks. You can't hope to avoid every obstacle that comes your way. What's important is knowing how to fall when you absolutely must and how to get back up. Perhaps you've heard of the magical Asian art of ukemi, passed down among karate practitioners in the East? It's a magnificent art, one that I find embodies this philosophy well, as it lets you rise back on your feet as quickly as you're knocked down, refreshed and ready to face the world anew! And, believe it or not, I happen to know this wondrous technique. I'm more than happy to teach it to you... but only if you do something for me first." -A peculiar mustachioed gentleman

Intermediate 5: Getting Up

Being Downed Being "downed" refers to when your character has fallen onto the ground. This can occur in many ways, such as when you choose not to perform an ukemi after being blown back by an enemy attack, or after getting hit by an air combo. Your options are extremely limited when you're on the ground, so it's important to get back up and regain your posture without panicking. Ways to Stand Back Up When downed, you can press Sc G.png to do a standing guard as you get back on your feet. Alternatively, you can press Sc 22.png+Sc G.png to get up while doing a crouching guard. You can also roll forwards or backwards before getting up by pressing Sc 6.png or Sc 4.png, or roll horizontally before getting up by pressing Sc 2.png or Sc 8.png. If you hold down Sc 8.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 4.png, Sc 6.png as you roll, you can roll up to three times in a row. Beyond that, you can also press an attack button while downed, which will let you attack from the ground as if you're crouching. (Note: If you're facing away from your opponent while on the ground when you choose to attack, you'll do back-facing attacks rather than standard forward-facing ones.) Deciding How to Get Up Once you're downed, it's easy to get attacked again. If you're not sure how to react, the best course of action is often to simply guard as you get back up. Horizontal rolls (Sc 2.png or Sc 8.png) are also important to master, as they can help you get away from walls and cliffs and back towards a safe position, improving your overall chances of survival.

"There's nothing more I want to do than just take a good, long nap, but you can't do that around here, 'cause next thing you know, you'll have guys trying to take a shot at you while your guard's down. It sucks, but that's how it goes. The only time I ever feel safe is when I'm staring down the bottom of a glass of my 'lucky' charm. And as 'luck' would have it, I'm all outta that!" -A drunken staff fighter

Advanced 1-1: Counter Hits

Counter Hits Have you ever noticed that when you hit an enemy with an attack, sometimes they'll fall over a little differently than usual? That's because the way that you hit an enemy changes how much damage you deal and what sort of effects you inflict on them. These hits with altered properties are referred to as "counter hits." Once you understand how they work, you'll be able to deal more damage faster over the course of a match. Main Types of Counter Hits There are two main types of counter hits that you'll encounter during a match: attack counters and run counters. Attack counters are triggered when you manage to hit an enemy as they're attacking before their attack is fully released. These counters increase the damage of your attacks. Depending on the move you use, attack counters can also make enemy fighters lose their balance more than usual and be used to begin a combo.

Run counters, on the other hand, are triggered when you hit an enemy with a horizontal attack as they're moving around the ring in the Sc 3.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 9.png, or Sc 8.png directions. They also occur when you hit an opponent with an attack horizontal or vertical as they're moving in the Sc 1.png, Sc 4.png, or Sc 7.png directions. (Run counters aren't triggered when the enemy is moving in the Sc 6.png direction.) Consistently triggering run counters relies on your ability to predict your opponent's movements and react accordingly with an attack that will stop them in their tracks. Impact Counters Impact counters are a special type of counter hit that are triggered when you land an attack on an opponent that can't be canceled out by a guard impact or reversal edge. Break attacks are often best used in a match in order to trigger impact counters.

"Everything in life has its time and place. There's no need to rush things. The Twenty-Four Histories contain a Chinese phrase that embodies this well: wo xing chang dan. It means to wait patiently and endure hardships as they come along until the time is right for you to strike back and have your revenge... Oh, come on, don't look at me like that. I promise I'll make you more mooncakes tomorrow!" -Li Meimei

Advanced 1-2: Confirming Hits

Checking Attack Hit Confirmations Some moves can only start combos if they're used as a counter hit. When you want to use one of these to begin a combo, be sure to check that a counter hit has indeed taken place, then input the rest of your combo. You can tell when a counter hit has taken place at a glance based on the color of the sparks that fly when one of your attacks lands. A normal hit will cause yellow sparks to appear, but a counter hit will be signified by a mixture of red and blue sparks. It takes practice to notice spark colors in the middle of a fight, but eventually, you'll be able to recognize each hit type without losing focus. Mastering Hit Confirmations Beyond counter hit confirmations, it's also important to be able to quickly distinguish when an attack has successfully connected and when your opponent has blocked it. When you know your attack has hit, that's your cue to maintain the offensive and pursue them for more damage. But when you know they've blocked an attack, it might be time to change course and assume a defensive position to prepare for a counterattack. Mastering the timing and visual cues for these sequences will go far in making you a stronger fighter. Making the Most of Training Mode Being able to read hit confirmations in the middle of battle is an advanced skill that can be difficult to practice during live matches. The best way to get started is by practicing in Training mode, which allows you to stage fights under various conditions to hone your skills. For practicing hit confirmations, it's recommended that you set the dummy opponent to "Guard All Random." If you want to take it one step further, you can also set the dummy's counter settings to "Random" so that you can practice counter hit confirmations as well.

"It's simple, really. When fighting, it's important to be flexible and change how you attack based on who you're up against. It's the same with forging weapons. How I use my hammer and anvil changes depending on what materials I'm using." -Klich, the combat blacksmith

Advanced 2-1: Timing

Simultaneous Attack Priority Each move has its own specific timing that dictates how long it takes to hit an enemy and deal damage. Fast-hitting attacks usually deal less damage, while high-damage attacks are slow and take longer to perform. Because of this, if two players execute a move at the same time, the faster attack will win and connect with the other fighter first. The one on the receiving end, meanwhile, will flinch and have their attack canceled. Beating Opponents to the Punch It may be somewhat uncommon, but fighters do launch attacks at exactly the same time during a match. When this happens, whoever is hit first will falter at the blow, and it will take time for them to recover and make their next move. This opens up further opportunities to attack, even with comparatively slow techniques. The end result is that you'll have more breathing room to fight how you want and can control the flow and tempo of a round if you can hit your opponent first. Successfully Guarding In most cases, when an attack connects, the attacker is able to move again faster than the fighter on the receiving end. However, when one fighter successfully blocks another's attack, the blocking character usually recovers more quickly. When facing an especially aggressive opponent, it can be to your advantage to stand your ground and calmly block their attacks, then strike back with a quick move of your own.

Think of action prioritization in terms of taking turns: when one of your attacks hits, it's your turn to keep fighting; when one of your attacks is blocked, it's your opponent's turn to fight back. However, note that there are exceptions to these rules. In particular, for break attacks, the attacking player will still be able to move first even if the defending player tries to block.

"kachec et mat. Check and mate. Not to disrespect m'lady's intelligence and instincts, but you have a tendency to act rather rashly at times, which is to my advantage when we're not playing a game of speed. Remember: it's often better to bide your time and quietly manipulate the playfield so it works in your favor. Only then should you attack. And this is a lesson that can be applied far beyond the chess board." -Maelys, attendant of the Duma family

Advanced 2-2: Distance

Controlling Time and Space In close combat, quick moves will hit their target faster than slower ones and make the enemy stagger. Because of this, speed plays a crucial role in attaining victory, but realistically speaking, rarely is an entire match spent solely in close quarters. Try as you might, faster but shorter attacks can and will still lose to slower, long-range attacks if they can't close the gap and connect with the opposing fighter. Be Mindful of Distance True mastery of your character's moves requires grasping not only how long they take to execute, but also their reach. It's important to consider which of your attacks can connect with your opponent at various distances, and vice versa. Once you understand how much reach you and your opponent's attacks have, you can make better judgment calls about how to approach your enemy at different distances. Distance and the Ring Each fighting style has its own ideal distance to an opponent. Those that are better suited for long-range combat, for example, work best when fighting from a distance, winning matches with a barrage of one-sided attacks from afar. Compare that with fighting styles that are tailored for close-range combat, which focus on maintaining just enough space for enemy feints to fail, then closing in for the kill after an attack misses. However you choose to fight, being constantly mindful of the distance between you and your opponent will enable you to take advantage of your fighting style's strengths and dominate matches.

It's also a good idea to get in the habit of keeping an eye on where you and your opponent are relative to any walls and edges. If you find your opponent backed up against a wall, don't let them get away and create distance. Walls allow you to attack without needing to worry about potentially missing your opponent as much as you would in a more open space.

"My father left me with only one memento: a deadly melody, one that throws my victims' sense of space into complete disarray. And now, I've passed it on to you. Go forth and play it." -Eiserne Kroshe, the Steel Crow

Advanced 3-1: Close Fighters

Scoring Counter Hits When you find yourself able to make the first move in close-quarters combat, you should prioritize attacks that can score counter hits and start combos. Situations where you can attack first are often ideal for executing attack and run counters in particular. Pay close attention to the combat lessons and character move lists, and eventually you'll learn which attacks deal high amounts of damage as counter hits. Guard Breaking Any opponent worth their salt is going to be wary of counter hits and will likely make liberal use of guarding to avoid taking damage. This can be troublesome, but the best way to counter a defensive fighter is to use a break attack to break through their guard with a combination of middle and low attacks. Given that middle attacks generally deal more damage than low attacks, it's likely that your opponent will be on the lookout for them. It can be effective to use lots of low attacks and throws to make your opponent resort to crouching guards when you attack, then hit them with a strong middle attack. Maintaining Offensive Momentum It goes without saying, but once you find an opportunity to attack in close-quarters combat, it's best to find ways to attack an opponent for as long as possible. For instance, if you have a combo that's executed by pressing Sc A.png.Sc A.png.Sc A.png, don't always finish it. Your opponent will learn to expect it. Instead, think about disrupting the combo and ending it early by only pressing Sc A.png.Sc A.png. While your opponent is still guarding in expectation of that third strike, you can catch them by surprise by mixing it up with another move such as a throw for a potentially easy hit.

Naturally, the principle works in reverse. If your opponent expects you to only swing twice in the above combo, the third attack could catch them off guard and land as a counter hit. In this manner, varying when you interrupt a series of attacks and when you complete them can provide you with opportunities to maximize the time you have to attack the enemy.

"I get bored fighting you and winning so easily time after time. But that's not going to stop you from coming back for more tomorrow, is it? At the very least, try to surprise me. Do something different when we fight. You're too predictable for my liking."

Advanced 3-2: Distance Fighters

Foiling Attacks with Reversal Edges When facing a fighter who can attack faster than you, attempting to trade blows with them up close is not the best idea doing so is likely to result in lethal counter hits. One option you have at your disposal instead is to use a reversal edge to stave off any high, middle, or low attacks from your opponent and counter with one of your own. From Guarding to Counterattacking In many instances, blocking a high-damage combo starter will create a major opening for you to hit back. Stay calm and guard against wide, lumbering attacks, then move in with a quick counter of your own. Such tactics aren't without their weaknesses, though; if your enemy lashes out with what turns out to be a two or three-stage combo, they might be able to disrupt your counterattack and damage you. Additionally, you can't guard forever. If you find yourself low on guard stamina, the danger of your opponent crushing your guard in the midst of their attacks becomes that much greater. Defensive Measures There are other ways to avoid an opposing fighter's attacks and create opportunities to hit back beyond just reversal edges and guarding. For example, crouching guards will make high attacks and throws miss. You can then use the opening created to start a combo of your own. Similarly, given that many middle attacks are vertical, you can step out of the way with an 8-way run and respond in kind with a damaging combo.

Responsiveness and adaptability are key when it comes to defense. Pay attention to how your opponent attacks and use crouches and 8-way runs to open up offensive opportunities. Of course, it's worth remembering that if timed well, repelling an attack outright with a guard impact is an excellent idea.

"No matter how dire the situation, the Silver Wolves never back down! Men, follow me! We'll show these shameful cowards what it means to face us and our sharp fangs!" -Queen Hildegard von Krone, acting ruler of Wolfkrone

Advanced 4-1: Control at Mid Range

Fighting at Mid Range When a match starts, you and your opponent will be standing apart. Depending on what fighting style you're using, you might not have any attacks that can hit from that far. This distance, where each fighting style's strengths and weaknesses are most evident, is what's referred to as "mid range." Whereas the biggest deciding factor in close-range fighting is the timing and speed of moves, at mid range, greater emphasis is placed on controlling distancing.

For fighting styles that focus on long-ranged attacks, the goal at mid range is to lay down a series of one-sided attacks and maintain your distance. Conversely, for fighting styles with less reach, the goal is to slip past the opponent's attacks and engage them at close range. Whichever side of the spectrum your personal style falls under, it's important to know the range that both you and your opponent excel at. Controlling the Ring When using a fighting style that works best from afar, it's possible to defeat an opponent with less reach before they can even get near you. To accomplish such a feat, you need to maintain a steady stream of damage while keeping them at arm's length. Attacks that have reach, speed, and a quick recovery are ideal for doing just that. Smart application of these moves will prevent the other fighter from getting close, and let you maintain control of the fight. Enhancing Control Achieving control of a fight is fundamentally about knowing which moves can exert control at which distance. If you can make these attacks graze your opponent at the very edge of your reach, you'll likely catch them by surprise and damage them, as they won't expect the range of your attacks to extend so far. It's a good idea to practice with each of your moves so that you can intuitively learn just how far their threat range is.

"Oh, what's the big deal? It can't hurt to get at least a LITTLE close, can it?" "I don't know about that. Master told us it was important to maintain distance..." -An overheard conversation on a highway between a girl with a sword and a boy with a staff

Advanced 4-2: Countering at Mid Range

Breaking Control For fighters that employ a close-range style, one of the bigger struggles they'll face is how to combat an enemy who controls the ring with long-range attacks. Closing distance without getting hit requires knowing when to advance and when to guard. As you approach an enemy, quickly stop and block when you see them attack. If you succeed, you'll be able to act first, and can use the opening to get a little closer. Rinse and repeat until you're close enough to strike. Having said that, this strategy isn't without its risks. If you mistime a block, you'll get hit and take damage, which will make staging a comeback that much harder. Using Missed Attacks to Break Control Even if you manage to slowly block and guard your way close to your opponent, you still need to break through their defenses and hit them to win. This can be tough, but there's another option. The best way to quickly break a long-ranged opponent's control and turn the tide is to make them miss an attack, then strike before they can recover. When timed well, it can enable you to pull off powerful combos that can end the round in one fell swoop. Taking Advantage of Misses In order to exploit a fighter's missed attacks to regain control, it's imperative to learn the reach of their moves. Once you do so, you need to stand at the edge of their attacks' range. When you see a strike coming, move to the side or backwards to avoid it. If you manage to dodge, there's no time to waste! Immediately input a retaliatory attack before your opponent recovers. Timing is critical: don't wait until you see that your opponent has missed before entering the command. Rather, do so as soon as you see an attack has been executed.

"Countless bodies were piled up all around the Azure Knight, encircling him like followers huddled around their Prophet. What drove him to commit such carnage, none can say. Perhaps he lacked a wise, able commander who could have held him back. Or perhaps he had simply found himself lost in the throes of utter fear, his mind consumed with dread and despair. In any case, one thing was certain: the Azure Knight couldn't bring himself to step away from the horror that he himself had created." -The Book of the Mad Pilgrim

Advanced 4-3: Break Attacks at Mid Range

Countering Opponents Waiting for a Miss The amount of damage that can be done to you from a combo that arises from a missed attack outweighs the damage that you can do from a single move meant to exert control. As such, experienced fighters will often not unleash any moves at all as they try to bait the other side into missing an attack. Close-range fighters can excel during these matches by using the standoff as an opportunity to quickly approach their opponent and possibly even finish them right then and there. Getting Past an Opponent's Guard Once you're close to the enemy fighter, it's recommended that you start employing throws and low attacks in order to break their standing guard. This is because, in many cases, when an opponent sees you running at them, they're likely to put up their guard out of instinct. If, however, they try to use a technique to stop your advance, you can use the command Sc 6.pngSc 66.png to break through it. Alternatively, you can also switch to the normal strategies for dodging such attacks in an attempt to make your opponent miss as well. The Three-way Triangle of Mid-range Combat When broken down to its essential components, there are three things that comprise mid-range combat: control tactics, tactics for making your opponent miss, and getting close and breaking your opponent's guard. Each one is strong against one and weak against another. When an opponent is controlling the space and won't let you get close, focus on trying to make them miss an attack so you can safely approach them. If you see that an opponent is trying to get you to miss an attack, abandon control moves and shift your priority to getting close and breaking their guard. And if your opponent is trying to get close to you, that's when you dish out the control moves to maintain space between the two of you.

Once you've mastered the ability to read these situations and can act accordingly in the heat of battle, you'll be well on your way to becoming an advanced player.

"Completely isolate yourself from the world around you. Through conflict and equilibrium, create an environment of total and utter stagnation. Repeat the cycle, attain harmony, and live for all eternity."

-Secrets passed down among a clan of outcasts

Crushing an Opponent’s Guard

Guarding Limitations Although guarding will save you from losing life to an opponent's attack, it also drains your limited supply of guard stamina. Once your remaining guard stamina runs low, your health gauge will begin to glow. Initially, it'll glow yellow, but if you continue to guard, it'll glow red and aggressively flash. If you persist and continue to guard, your guard will crushed, leaving you wide open to an attack from your opponent. You should therefore be careful to limit the amount of attacks you need to directly guard against while at the same time making your opponent continuously guard against your attacks to drain their guard stamina. It's also worth noting that things like guard impacts and reversal edges also consume a small amount of guard stamina when used. Properties When you attack an enemy whose guard has been crushed, the hit will have the same effects as a typical attack counter. As a result, moves that you can use to start combos only when they act as counter hits can also be used to start combos against fighters with their guards crushed. However, small, quick attacks that deal little damage will not crush an opponent's guard, even if your opponent only has a small amount of guard stamina remaining. Likewise, while big attacks with long execution times can be used to crush their guard, the slow recovery time makes it difficult to successfully follow up with additional attacks afterward. Guard Crushing Tips and Counters One of the primary ways to crush an opponent's guard is to make them defend against big attacks, since lumbering, heavy moves that deal more damage reduce guard stamina more than weaker attacks. On the other hand, if you find yourself confronted with a fighter who's intent on crushing your guard, you can stop them with either an 8-way run to dodge their attacks or with a reversal edge to counter them. Using a soul charge or interrupting their attacks with a faster one of your own are also viable strategies.

Once a fighter has had their guard crushed, their guard stamina will fully recover. Because each fighter's guard stamina amounts are carried over between rounds, it can be strategic to avoid crushing a fighter's guard in one round so that you can more quickly do so in the next.

Lethal Hits

Under specific circumstances, certain attacks will cause what's known as a "lethal hit" when they connect. When a lethal hit occurs, your opponent's movements will slow down, allowing you to perform even deadlier combos than usual. You'll also receive a bonus boost to your soul gauge. All told, the effects of lethal hits can enable you to shift a fight greatly in your favor. (Note: As a special effect, when a lethal hit occurs, your opponent's equipment will break, but this has no actual effect on their defense or other parameters.) Lethal Hit Activation Requirements Lethal hits can only be triggered using moves within each fighting style that are specially designed for that purpose. Beyond that, specific requirements that are unique to each move must be met with respect to how they hit the target in order for a lethal hit to be triggered. Put simply, lethal hits are an advanced gameplay system designed for experienced players that require careful planning in order to pull off. Nevertheless, the harder a lethal hit is to perform for a given move, the greater the soul gauge bonus is when triggered, making them well worth your while to pursue when you feel ready for them. Finding Opportunities for Lethal Hits The first thing you need to do when trying to incorporate lethal hits into your combat routine is to determine which moves within your fighting style are capable of triggering them. To do that, consult the lethal hit tab within your fighting style's move list, where you'll learn the activation requirements for each move. Some moves are extremely difficult to use for lethal hits, though. In such cases, it's better to focus on moves that you can comfortably use in your existing arsenal, rather than force yourself to incorporate tricky moves for lethal hits that you are unaccustomed to using.

Throws and Grapple Breaks

Throws Throws can be performed with any fighting style by pressing either Sc A.pngSc +.pngSc G.png or Sc 4.png+Sc A.pngSc +.pngSc G.png. Throws are a powerful asset in your combat arsenal, as they can't be blocked by a standing guard. Once you input the command to throw your opponent, your character will perform a grab animation. If it connects, they'll then proceed to throw your opponent and deal damage to them. Generally speaking, throws performed by pressing Sc A.pngSc +.pngSc G.png will thrust your opponent forward, while throws that are done by pressing Sc 4.png+Sc A.pngSc +.pngSc G.png will shove them backwards, although this can vary depending on the fighting style. You can also perform crouching throws and mid-air throws, which, as you might expect, are done against crouching and mid-air opponents respectively. Grapple Breaks Rest assured, not all hope is lost if your opponent manages to grab you. When that happens, you can input a specific command to perform a "grapple break" that will let your character break free. There are two types of grapple breaks, one for each type of grab. When your opponent comes at you with a Sc 4.png+Sc A.pngSc +.pngSc G.png Sc A.png, you can press Sc 4.png+ any attack button (Sc A.png, Sc B.png, or Sc K.png) to grapple break. If they use a Sc A.pngSc +.pngSc G.png grab, you can grapple break by pressing an attack button without pressing Sc 8.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 4.png, Sc 6.png.

Be warned: not all throws can be grapple broken. If you see a flame effect appear when your opponent grabs your character, that means that the throw cannot be escaped. On the flip side, there are also rare throws that can be grapple broken in the middle of the throw. Using Guarding and Grapple Breaks Together When you find yourself on the defensive, you can safely press and hold Sc G.png while in a standing guard, then press one of the attack buttons when an opponent grabs you in order to grapple break. Since you won't move or attack as long as Sc G.png is held down, this allows you to guard and grapple break at the same time. This can potentially lead to bad habits in terms of how you control your character, but it's the safest defensive technique to perform during a battle, which makes it highly useful in real matches. Finally, if you find it hard to time your button presses correctly when attempting to perform a grapple break, you can press and hold Sc G.png while repeatedly pressing an attack button and hope for the best.

Break Attacks

Powerful attacks capable of breaking an opponent's guard are signified with blue lightning that appears when executed. Generally speaking, they can be performed by pressing LB, although each fighting style has multiple other attacks capable of breaking an opponent's guard as well. Critically, these attacks have the ability to break through reversal edges and guard impacts. They also allow you to act first after an opponent blocks them. Using Break Attacks Break attacks are slow to execute. Without careful, strategic planning, your opponent can easily dodge them or counter them with quick attacks. As a result, it's best to use them with discretion and wait for your opponent to trigger a reversal edge or guard impact before executing a break attack. This makes break attacks ideal after you've hit your opponent already, when their instincts will likely tell them to assume a defensive position. Again, the fact that you can move again first, even after a break attack is blocked, is another good reason to wait until your opponent is acting defensively before using them. Once you've made your opponent block your break attack, you can do a short combo like Sc A.png.Sc A.png or Sc B.png.Sc B.png to follow up with some quick hits. Special Break Attack Properties Once you've blocked a break attack, you'll be temporarily unable to block. When that happens with certain break attack techniques, there are instances where your opponent's next attacks are guaranteed to hit. In very rare cases, there are attack strings that can take advantage of this property to deal massive damage when the conditions are just right.

Guard Impacts

Guard impacts are performed by pressing Sc 6.pngSc G.png and are used to repel an opponent's attacks and break their posture. When successful, they provide openings that can be used to unleash a combo. However, guard impacts require precise timing, as they can only repel an enemy's attack at the very beginning of the animation. For newer players, it's suggested that you focus on mastering reversal edges first, then slowly incorporate guard impacts into your fighting routine. This will likely make the learning process go faster and more smoothly overall. Guard Impacts Vs. Reversal Edges One major trait that differentiates guard impacts from reversal edges is their ability to outright cancel an opponent's actions. This gives them an edge over reversal edges against attack chains that might otherwise be difficult to handle. Guard impacts make for a swift defensive response and are ideal for interrupting a potentially prolonged series of attacks. But, like reversal edges, guard impacts can't block break attacks or unblockable attacks and are therefore not invincible against every attack that you might face. What to Do After a Guard Impact After you've performed a guard impact, you might be tempted to use the most damaging attack you have. But, before you react, it's important to consider how and to what extent your guard impact has broken your opponent's posture, as it varies depending on the strength of the attack being reflected. Weak attacks that are repelled with a guard impact will greatly disrupt your opponent's posture, while stronger, heavier attacks that are repelled will impact their posture to a much lesser degree. In total, there are three different states that an enemy fighter can be in after taking a guard impact, which are outlined as follows:

When a weak attack is repelled, the enemy is exposed long enough for you to initiate a combo. When a medium attack is repelled, the enemy is exposed long enough for you to hit them with a quick attack. When a large attack is repelled, you'll be able to move again first, but won't be able to attack them quickly enough before they recover.

It's important to bear all of these potential states in mind when fighting so that you can properly plan for your next move upon successfully executing a guard impact.

Guard Impacts (Supplemental Info)

Responding to Guard Impacts with Reverse Impacts When first learning about guard impacts, it might seem that, when an opponent hits you with one, all you can do is stand idly by as they follow through with an attack. Although guard impacts do leave you open, you're not entirely defenseless. That's where reverse impacts come into play. Reverse impacts are performed just like guard impacts: by inputting Sc 6.pngSc G.png, but after you've been guard impacted and are unable to move. With the right timing, a reverse impact can help you turn the tables back on your opponent after having the tables turned on yourself. Reversal Edges after Guard Impacts Another option that you have available to you after being guard impacted is to use a reversal edge by pressing RB. This is useful in situations where your opponent tries to follow up a guard impact with a large attack. Such attacks can still be repelled with a reverse impact, but you have little to gain from doing so. In comparison, if you choose to respond to a large follow-up attack with a reversal edge, you'll get a wide enough opening to be able to strike back at your opponent. Watching Out for Reverse Impacts As should be clear by now, even once you've been guard impacted, the enemy fighter is likely to be aware of the possibility you'll try to counter their next move with a reverse impact. The same is obviously true in reverse; even if you successfully execute a guard impact, you can't get complacent, as your next attack may be reverse impacted. If you suspect that your opponent is going to attempt a reverse impact on you, go for a break attack instead. Or, if you think your opponent is deliberately refraining from using a reverse impact or a reversal edge, that's when you can go in and initiate a combo. Recognizing which situation is about to take place will help you make the most of successful guard impacts to inflict as much damage to your opponent as possible.

Move Levels

In addition to raw damage output, every attack in the game has what's known as a "move level," which denotes its strength when it clashes against other attacks. Broadly speaking, move levels classify an attack as either weak, medium, or strong. They also affect what happens when a vertical attack clashes with a horizontal attack. Vertical attacks are strong against horizontal attacks; when the two clash, the vertical attack's move level will be considered one level higher than normal. For instance, if a medium vertical attack clashes with a strong horizontal attack, its strength will be roughly the equivalent of a strong horizontal attack when resolving the clash. How Simultaneous Attack Clashes Are Resolved If two attacks happen to meet at exactly the same time, the clash will be resolved based on the difference in move levels for each attack, as described below:

If the move levels for both attacks are equal when they clash, they'll bounce off one another and neither side will take damage. If the difference in move levels for both attacks is small, the player with the weaker attack will have their move repelled and will be left open to a counterattack. If the difference in move levels for both attacks is great, the stronger attack will proceed as normal and hit the receiving player.

(Note: These rules don't apply to non-weapon attack clashes. In cases where two non-weapon attacks clash at the same time, both attacks will hit regardless of their respective move levels.) Move Levels and Guard Impacts Move levels also affect how a guard impact will be resolved, as described below:

Weak attacks will create a large opening when repelled, enabling the defending fighter to initiate a combo. Medium attacks that are repelled will knock the attacker slightly back, providing only enough time to execute a small, quick attack in retaliation. Strong attacks will not create a large enough opening upon being repelled to be counterattacked and are safe from follow-up attacks.

Reversal Edges (Supplemental Info)

Additional Ways to Trigger Reversal Edge Clashes Clashes that take place after a successful reversal edge are an important component of every fight. In addition to the normal method of triggering them, there are two other ways that they can occur during a match. One way is for a reversal edge to be guarded against after the input has been held down for the maximum amount of time. The other way is for one fighter's reversal edge, after interrupting their opponent's attack, to be guarded against. In both of these cases, break attack properties are applied and the reversal edge can't be blocked by other reversal edges or guard impacts. Your only options available against them are to either evade with an 8-way run or to try to block them as best you can. Reversal Edge Clashes: Round 2 Under specific circumstances, reversal edge clashes can continue for a second round. This will occur either when both players choose the same attack button during the clash, or when one player chooses to attack with B, and is blocked by the other player pressing Sc G.png. In the event that a second round occurs, even if both players choose the same attack, one side will always win. (See below for more details.) Additionally, if one player attempts to guard against a B attack, their guard will be crushed. In essence, no matter what happens, a definitive conclusion is always reached when a second clash occurs. (Note: If a player with low guard stamina attempts to guard by pressing Sc G.png in the first round of a clash, their guard may still be crushed by a Sc B.png attack.) Offense and Defense in Reversal Edge Clashes The fighter who successfully lands a reversal edge and initiates a clash is treated as the attacker. Because the attacker has already broken the defending fighter's posture, they have the following advantages, as outlined below:

The rate at which the attacker gains soul gauge in order to trigger a critical edge is greatly increased. If the reversal edge clash enters a second round, all of the attacker's hits will be treated as lethal hits. If the reversal edge clash enters a second round and both players press the same attack button, the attacker will win the clash.

Soul Gauges

The Soul Gauge The soul gauge is the second most important battle UI element after the health gauge. Each player can build up to two gauges. Once they have at least one, they can choose to spend it on either a critical edge or soul charge. Soul gauges are carried over into the next round, so use them strategically. Also, if one fighter wins two consecutive rounds, the losing player will start the next fight with an additional soul gauge. There are multiple ways to gain or lose soul gauge, the main instances of which are described below:

Foiling the opponent's attack with a reversal edge will add to the soul gauge. Additionally, initiating a clash with a reversal edge will give the initiating player a large boost to the amount of soul gauge that they receive. Taking the initiative by doing things such as attacking and advancing on the opposing player will add to the soul gauge. The higher an attack's move level, the more soul gauge the user will gain. Both inflicting and receiving damage will increase a player's soul gauge. When the final round begins, fighters will pump themselves up and gain one soul gauge. Successfully executing a guard impact will add to a player's soul gauge. Spending Soul Gauge As mentioned above, each player can only gain a maximum of two soul gauges. Thus, while it's important to find ways to increase your soul gauge, it's also equally important to actively use your soul gauge. This is especially true of the additional soul gauge provided as a bonus during the final round of a match. With everything on the line, it's important not to be stingy with your soul gauge. Use it or lose it! Keeping One Soul Gauge in Reserve While it's important to be proactive about spending soul gauges, it can be helpful to keep one gauge in reserve to give yourself a trump card that can turn the tides of battle. This is because when your character is low on health, damage that's dealt with critical edges is greatly increased. Plus, when a soul charge is active, the battle timer stops, preventing a battle from ending by the timer running out. Of course, this isn't to say that there's never a good time to empty out your soul gauge and spend it all to go on the offensive. Weigh your options wisely.

Aerial Control

When you find yourself on the receiving end of a combo-starting attack, don't fret you haven't lost yet. During an air combo, you can press Sc 8.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 4.png, Sc 6.png to activate what's called "aerial control" and influence the direction you'll fall. Used effectively, aerial control can help you minimize the amount of damage that you take from an enemy's combo and get you out of dangerous situations. However, it's important to know that you cannot use aerial control if your character's body is spinning in the air at high speeds. Falling Diagonally Backwards The best direction in which to move with aerial control depends on the combo that your opponent is deploying as well as combat conditions for the round in general. More often than not, the best way to avoid an aerial combo is to move diagonally backwards by pressing either Sc 11.png or Sc 77.png. This will shift you out of the axis of many of your opponent's vertical and short-range attacks. However, be mindful of your surroundings when choosing which direction to fall. If you're near the edge of a ring, one wrong decision can mean the difference between landing safely on solid ground and plummeting to your demise. Aerial Control Near Cliffs If your opponent hits you with an aerial combo near a cliff, rather than move diagonally backwards and risk falling off, it's advised to use aerial control to move back towards the center of the stage by pressing either Sc 33.png or Sc 99.png. While this carries the risk of taking a lot of damage from a powerful combo, that's still a better price to pay than an accidental ring out.

The Offense and Defense of Downing

Downing an Opponent After a fighter has been knocked down, their options are limited and they are mostly unable to go on the offensive. This provides a superb opportunity to attack. Offensive moves that are designed to make the most of an opponent being downed are referred to as "okizeme." It's imperative, therefore, to learn which moves in your fighting style are able to bring an opponent down, with Sc A.pngSc +.pngSc G.png being among the most obvious options. Hitting an Opponent While They're Down Once you have an enemy fighter on the ground, you'll want to transition to attacks designed to stop them from getting back up. For starters, it's often best to use a low or middle attack that can be executed quickly and hits downwards. Ideally, it should be a move that can break through their guard whether they choose to stay down or try to get back up.

Big moves that could normally be readily countered by your opponent with quick attacks are also effective when they're downed. In particular, break attacks that allow you to move first even when they're blocked are highly recommended. How to Respond When Attacked While Getting Back Up Once you're down on the ground taking okizeme attacks from your opponent, it's hard, but not impossible to get back up without taking further damage. The key is to make yourself as hard of a target as possible to hit. This means that, in addition to guarding, you should also incorporate horizontal and backwards rolls to avoid getting hit.

Also, remember that, even if you're hit while you're down, you can still respond by using an ukemi. Sometimes, it may even be ideal to stay down, get hit, and use an ukemi to create distance between you and your enemy. That way, you can safely stand back up. You'll take damage, but it can be a fair tradeoff if it can help you avoid taking even heavier damage. You can also avoid being hit with a damaging attack and getting knocked back down immediately after getting back up as well.

Defensive Properties

Moves with Guard Impact Properties In addition to the general guard impact that can be performed with every fighting style by pressing Sc 6.pngSc G.png, there are guard impact moves unique to specific styles as well. Some of them can even be simultaneously offensive and defensive, allowing you to repel an enemy attack and counterattack at the same time. While these moves certainly have their fair share of advantages, the drawback is that, unlike normal guard impacts (Sc 6.pngSc G.png), the specific types of moves that they can repel are limited. For example, some moves with guard impact properties may only be able to repel vertical attacks and, even among vertical attacks, they might not work against kicks and thrusts. When learning which moves have guard impact properties, be sure to consult the additional notes provided in the move list to see what sort of limitations are present. (Note: Some moves with guard impact properties can be reverse impacted by your opponent.) Using Revenge to Take Hits Without Flinching Some powerful fighting styles have a property known as "revenge" that allows a fighter to take hits without having their move interrupted. When a fighter takes damage while revenge is in effect, their body will glow red as they continue to execute their intended attack. Revenge can be a powerful tool when used in capable hands, as it can negate the threat of enemy attempts at exerting control. However, revenge only applies to high and middle attacks; a revenge fighter will still flinch at a low attack. There are also some moves where revenge will only remain in effect up to a certain damage threshold. If the damage taken in one attack exceeds that threshold, then the fighter will flinch as normal. Other Defensive Properties Beyond guard impact and revenge, moves can have a variety of other beneficial defensive properties. These include moments of invincibility that go into effect during specific timing windows. (This applies to the majority of critical edges.) There are also a number of techniques that provide invincibility only against certain attacks. For example, some work only against high attacks. This can stop some of the fastest attacks in the game, such as Sc A.png.Sc A.png combos. Knowledge of these sorts of defensive properties will open up the strategic options available to you.

Making an Opponent’s Attacks Risky

Finding Openings in Enemy Attacks Although attacks are, by nature, designed to inflict damage, all of them come with an element of risk. After an attack is finished, it takes time to recover before you can move or guard again, which leaves you open to a counterattack. Thus, it's crucial to make it risky for your opponent to attack you, thereby limiting the number of viable options they have at any given time. Failure to do so will allow them to steamroll you with strong moves. Guarding First for a Definite Counterattack When you guard against an attack, your character will recoil and momentarily stop before you can react again. When this window is shorter than the attacking player's recovery time, you have an opportunity to move again first and can land a sufficiently quick attack. These sorts of guaranteed hits are referred to as "definite counterattacks." Definite counterattacks can be used to initiate combos and land slow, damaging techniques. They allow fighters to attack without needing to engage in conventional mind games and predict each other's actions, and are a major source of damage in matches between experienced players. Fighting styles that emphasize defense have attacks that are well-suited to definite counterattacks, as they possess quick techniques with high damage output. Get to know your fighting style's move set and learn to pull off definite counterattacks, and you'll be on your way to mastering the advanced systems that this game has to offer. Definite Ripostes There are some attacks that won't be quick enough for a definite counterattack. However, that same attack can successfully hit an opponent if you dodge their attack first. This technique is known as a "definite riposte." A definite riposte can be achieved in a number of different ways. For instance, if an opponent uses a long-range horizontal high attack or tries to grab you to break your guard, you can duck to dodge, then hit back. Likewise, if an enemy swings at you with a vertical attack, you can slip out of the way with an 8-way run or a step, then safely retaliate when you're outside the axis of their attack.

There are also numerous instances where you'll be able to dodge an opponent's attack string mid-combo. That's why it's important to not only study up on your own fighting style, but those of your opponents. That way, you'll know what sort of attack strings to expect and be able to plan accordingly.

Chip Damage

While a soul charge is in effect, you can inflict "chip damage," which is damage that's dealt to an opponent even while they're guarding your attacks. You can tell that you're damaging an opponent with chip damage when they glow red while guarding. Chip damage therefore rewards players who go on the offensive while a soul charge is active by letting them damage defending players who insist on guarding. However, chip damage cannot be used to knock out an opponent; you'll still have to finish them off the old-fashioned way, even with a soul charge activated. (Note: Some fighting styles have moves that can inflict chip damage even when a soul charge isn't activated.) Avoiding Chip Damage Chip damage is a nasty, dangerous thing to have to confront during a fight. But, since it only affects you if you directly guard against attacks from an opponent with an active soul charge, as long as you use other defensive measures, you can still avoid taking any damage. Reversal edges and guard impacts are two ways that you can effectively defend yourself against a soul charged opponent. Employing Perfect Guards None of this is to say that it's entirely impossible to avoid taking damage by blocking. If you press Sc G.png right before an enemy's attack is about to connect with you, you'll perform a perfect guard that will cancel out any chip damage that you'd otherwise take. You'll know that you've successfully executed a perfect guard if your character's body flashes white and your soul gauge slightly increases. Perfect guards are extremely difficult to pull off reliably and shouldn't be used recklessly. Still, if you learn how to execute them and keep them in mind, they just might save you from a tough bind.

Special Inputs

Advance Inputs In this game, you don't have to wait for your character to recover and be able to move in order to input your next attack after a period of immobility. If you already know what move you want to use next while your character is immobile, you can go ahead and input it in advance. The game will then remember this input and execute it immediately once your character can act again. These are called "advance inputs," and are extremely useful for when you want to make a move as soon as possible. They can also be used during combos to improve your chances of successfully executing them.

Don't worry too much about the exact timing of advance inputs, either. As long as you input them a little earlier than normal, the game will register them and activate the technique when your character is allowed to move. Delayed Inputs When inputting a combo, conventional wisdom tends to say that it's best to input each command as quickly as possible. With some fighting styles, however, you can delay the input for a technique. Doing so will widen the interval between attacks in the current attack chain. These delays can be used to trick opponents into thinking that you've stopped a combo in the middle of the sequence, faking them out before you hit them with the next attack. You can check the notes for each move in the move list for your fighting style to see which ones can be delayed. Just Effect A just effect is a type of buff that can be triggered with some moves within certain fighting styles by inputting them with specific timing. In most cases, a just effect is activated by inputting the next move in an attack string right as the previous one is connecting with the other fighter. Just effects do all sorts of things, such as increasing attack damage. You can check which moves have a just effect by consulting the move list for your fighting style.

Just effects are an advanced system that are designed for experienced players. Once you feel comfortable with the basics of how your chosen fighting style plays, you should consider learning which moves have a just effect and how to trigger them.

Special Inputs (Supplementary Info)

Crouching After using moves such as Sc 2.pngSc A.png or Sc 2.pngSc K.png, you'll sometimes find that your character enters a crouching position. This can also forcibly happen after guarding against certain attacks, such as strong downward swings. While crouched, bear in mind that the moves that you execute after inputting a command will differ slightly from those while standing. If you don't press Sc 8.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 4.png, Sc 6.png while pressing any attack button, you'll attack while standing back up. If you press either Sc 1.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 3.png, and any attack button, you'll perform a crouching attack. (Note: You can still do reversal edges, critical edges, Sc A.png+Sc B.png attacks, and throws directly from a crouched position.) Performing Standing Attacks from a Crouched Position As mentioned in the previous section, attacks performed while crouched differ from those while standing. For example, Sc A.png becomes "rising Sc A.png," while Sc 2.pngSc A.png becomes "crouching Sc A.png." Your options aren't just limited to rising and crouching attacks while your character is crouched, though. One way to get around these limitations is by using Sc 8.png, Sc 2.png, Sc 4.png, Sc 6.png (other than Sc 1.png, Sc 2.png, or Sc 3.png) when inputting an attack. As an example, while crouched, if you input Sc 6.pngSc B.png, you'll perform that move as you normally would because there's no alternate version of it while crouched.

Another method to get past crouching limitations is by using what are known as "forced standing inputs." These are performed by inputting either Sc 4.png or Sc 6.png as an advance input for a step after doing an attack that returns you to a crouched position. Doing this allows you to bypass the stand recovery window from the attack as your character performs a step. Once your character is stepping, you can then unleash standing attacks again by pressing an attack button as usual. Advance Inputs for 8-way Runs You can only enter a Sc 6.pngSc 66.png command or a Sc 4.pngSc 44.png command if you wish to execute an 8-way run as an advance input. Sc 1.pngSc 11.png, Sc 2.pngSc 22.png, Sc 3.pngSc 33.png, Sc 7.pngSc 77.png, Sc 8.pngSc 88.png, and Sc 9.pngSc 99.png cannot be directly input in advance. If you advance input either of the valid commands, you'll execute a move after doing an 8-way run in the specified direction for a set period of time.

Ring Walls and Cliffs

High and Low Walls On many stages, you'll come across high and low walls placed throughout the ring. The difference between the two types is that with high walls, you can't push an enemy over them and win due to a ring out, whereas with low walls, you can do just that if you can launch the enemy up and over them. When positioning yourself within a ring, be mindful of where any walls are, as well as their height, so that you can plan accordingly. Destructible Walls Beyond differences in heights, some walls can also be broken, while others cannot. Destructible walls will collapse and disappear if you push an enemy into them. Once that wall is gone, the cliff behind it will be revealed, at which point you or the enemy can be knocked over the edge and ring out as normal. Typically, most walls that are destructible will break after either fighter is pushed into them once, but there are some walls that will take a few hits before finally collapsing. Floor and Ground Colors When positioning yourself around a ring, you can determine how close a wall or cliff is based on the coloring of the ground underneath your character. If a wall or cliff is close to your current position, the coloring and pattern of the ground beneath your character will be different than it normally is when you're standing in the center of the ring. In other words, if the ground below your character looks different than usual, that means you're in danger of a ring out. Be careful when navigating these areas, lest you fall out of the ring.

SCVI Navigation

Controls & Notation
Seong Mi-na